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Plan Contents

Executive Summary

Introduction

Chapter 1
Bikeway Network

Chapter 2
Bicycle-friendly Streets

Chapter 3
Bike Parking

Chapter 4
Transit

Chapter 5
Education

Chapter 6
Marketing and
Health Promotion

Chapter 7
Law Enforcement
and Crash Analysis

Chapter 8
Bicycle Messengers

Conclusion

Credits

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MBAC

Chapter 2

Objective One:
Accommodate bicycling in every city, county, and state road construction, resurfacing, streetscape, and traffic calming project.

Strategies

1.1 Ensure that new and refurbished bridges and underpasses are safe for bicycling. Bridges and underpasses provide critical links for bicycling. It is therefore especially important that they are well designed, with safe surfaces and adequate accommodation for cycling as required by federal law.1 (Refer to Chapter 1: Bikeway Network; Strategy 6.5) Wherever possible, bike lanes should be included, particularly along streets identified in the Streets for Cycling Plan. Often bike lanes can be established by realigning travel lanes, removing a lane, and/or narrowing the median.
1.1.1 Performance Measures: Monitor city, county, and state bridge and underpass construction projects to ensure that adequate accommodation for bicyclists is provided, beginning in 2005. Develop design standards by 2007; arrange city, county, and state approval and use by 2008.
1.1.2 Best Practices: Toronto, ON; Broward County, FL; Boulder, CO; Portland, OR; Milwaukee, WI
   
1.2 Routinely consider establishing bikeways during the planning and engineering design of roadways. Expand the focus of the Bike Lane Design Guide so that it becomes a bikeway design guide for roadway engineers, to ensure that bikeways are designed and built to appropriate standards. Develop roadway planning procedures to ensure that bikeways are routinely established as part of roadway construction projects.
1.2.1 Performance Measures: Prepare a Bikeway Design Manual by 2007; arrange city, county and state approval and use by 2008. Develop roadway planning procedures by 2008.
1.2.2 Best Practices: Tucson, AZ; Pima County, AZ; San Francisco, CA; Oregon Department of Transportation; Washington, D.C.
   
1.3 Make new and reconstructed intersections bicycle-friendly wherever possible, to reduce the higher incidence of bicycle crashes at or near intersections. Bicycle-friendly intersections should have appropriate lane widths, pavement markings, and adequate signal time for bicyclists to cross safely. Where appropriate, include bike lanes and/or new demand actuated traffic signals that detect bicycles.
1.3.1 Performance Measures: Develop bicycle-friendly intersection design standards by 2007; arrange city, county and state approval and use by 2008.
1.3.2 Best Practice: Corvallis, OR
   
1.4 Provide through bicycle access whenever building new streets, planned developments, cul-de-sacs, and traffic calming projects. Measures to redirect or reduce vehicular traffic should not discourage bicycling. Coordinate with efforts to establish bike boulevards (refer to Chapter 1: Bikeway Network; Strategy 3.8).
1.4.1 Performance Measures: Develop bicycle access standards by 2007. Arrange city approval and use by 2008.
1.4.2 Best Practices: Portland, OR; Oak Park, IL
   
1.5 Ensure that roadway construction zones are bicycle-friendly. Roadwork, including pavement cuts and temporary steel plates over road cuts, can cause bicyclists to fall or skid. The solution is to install temporary steel plates that are skid-proof and flush with the surrounding pavement. Restore pavement surfaces and markings, particularly along designated bikeways, to their original condition as soon as possible.
1.5.1 Performance Measure: Adopt and apply bicycle-friendly road construction standards by 2007.
1.5.2 Best Practices: New York, NY; San Francisco, CA

Possible Funding

Federal and state transportation programs including the Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program, Surface Transportation Program, Illinois Transportation Enhancement Program, and Hazard Elimination Fund; Illinois Department of Transportation; Cook County Highway Department; Chicago Department of Transportation; Department of Water Management. Note the cost savings which result from including bicycle facilities as part of larger transportation projects instead of establishing them through smaller, stand-alone projects.

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